Methodology for 200 Leading National Advertisers, 2015 ed.

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Advertising Age on July 6, 2015, published the 60th annual Leading National Advertisers report online. Ad Age started the LNA report in 1956.

Ad Age Datacenter compiled the 200 Leading National Advertisers by starting with the 400 largest advertisers based on 2014 U.S. measured-media ad spending. Ad Age pared that to 200 after adding in estimated unmeasured spending.

ABOUT MARKETER TREES 2015
Advertising Age's Datacenter produced Marketer Trees 2015 as an online database application with ad spending, brands, profiles, executives and agency rosters for the nation's 200 biggest advertisers. Ad Age Datacenter contacted the top 200 advertisers and their agencies in May, June and July 2015 to confirm and update information on executives and agency assignments.

Send your ideas to improve the Marketer Trees. Update us on agency assignments and executives. Report database errors. Email: Datacenter@AdAge.com

METHODOLOGY FOR
200 LEADING NATIONAL ADVERTISERS 2015

Measured media
Measured-media advertising is estimated U.S. spending across 19 media. It consists of 18 media tracked by WPP's Kantar Media in its Stradegy product plus free-standing inserts (FSIs).

Measured media include
Broadcast network TV
Cable TV networks
Spanish-language broadcast network TV
Broadcast spot TV
National syndicated TV
Magazines
Sunday magazines
Local magazines
Hispanic magazines
Business-to-business magazines
Local newspapers
National newspapers (New York Times, USA Today, Wall Street Journal).
Hispanic newspapers
Network radio
Local radio
National spot radio
Outdoor
Internet display

Unmeasured spending
Unmeasured spending figures are Ad Age Datacenter estimates that include direct marketing, promotion, experiential marketing, co-op, coupons, catalogs, product placement and forms of digital media not included in the above list of measured media (such as search marketing, online video and unmeasured forms of social media).

Essentially, unmeasured spending is the difference between a company's measured media (from Kantar Media) and its total advertising and promotion costs (either reported by the company or estimated by Ad Age Datacenter). Ad Age weights a company's reported worldwide ad costs to reflect a U.S.-only percentage.

Ad Age Datacenter accounts for cooperative advertising allowances that product marketers give to retailers, adding co-op money to retailers' estimated net--that is, out of pocket--ad costs so as to rank retailers based on estimated gross ad costs (including co-op).

Mergers and joint ventures
Brands and companies that a Leading National Advertiser had (as of July 2015) bought or divested are generally treated pro forma in this report as if completed deals had occurred at the beginning of the company's previous fiscal year (2013). Media spending for those brands or units generally is folded into or removed from the company for two consecutive years (2013 and 2014).

A Leading National Advertiser must own more than 50% of a product or unit for that product or unit's ad spending to be consolidated with the company in this report.

Ad Age treats joint ventures with 50/50 ownership as stand-alone ventures unless otherwise noted.

Brands
Ad Age Datacenter determined the 200 biggest U.S. brands--the nation's 200 most-advertised brands--by aggregating measured-media spending for all products or services that fell under that brand. For example, Ad Age combined Miller Lite, Miller Genuine Draft and Miller High Life under the Miller brand.

Category totals
Ad Age aggregated Kantar Media category classifications as follows (not comprehensively): Airlines, hotels, car rental and travel: includes cruise ship travel. Apparel: ready-to-wear, underclothing and hosiery, jewelry, accessories, footwear. Automotive: manufacturers and dealerships. Direct-response advertising: direct-response advertising in all classifications. Financial services: includes banks and credit cards. Food, beverages and candy: beverages, confectionery and snacks, dairy, produce, meat and bakery goods, prepared foods, ingredients, mixes and seasonings. General services: apparel services, business services, beauty shops, doctors, nurses, chiropractors, dentists, hospitals, clinics and medical centers, legal services, rental services, dating services, spectator sporting events, exterminators, electric and water companies. Home furnishings, appliances and electronics: household furnishings and accessories, building materials, equipment and fixtures, appliances, electronics. Home supplies and cleaners: household soaps, cleansers and polishes, laundry soaps, foils, wraps, paper products. Medicines and remedies: pharmaceutical firms, medicines and proprietary remedies, fitness, eyeglasses, medical equipment. Miscellaneous: aviation (excluding freight), employment recruitment, agriculture, lawn and garden, industrial, luggage, cameras, film. Movies, recorded video and music: DVDs. Personal care: cosmetics and beauty aids, personal hygiene, hair products, toiletries, hygienic goods and skin care. Retail: discount department and variety stores, department stores, retail, shopping centers and catalog showrooms. Telecom, internet services and ISP: telephone companies (wireless, local, long distance), internet services providers, web designers, communications networks, telephone equipment and offline internet support.


Key data sources
WPP's Kantar Media
Publicis Groupe 's ZenithOptimedia
Securities and Exchange Commission

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