The Dish-Invidi pact calls for developing of the ability to sell ads that can be sent to specific households based on geographic and demographic information.
Rather than bombarding millions of TV viewers with the same ads for things many of them may not be looking to buy, marketers could in the next two to three years send different ads to different households -- making certain, for example, that Procter & Gamble wouldn't have to pay for Pampers ads watched by a couple with no wee tykes and General Motors wouldn't have to show ads for its Hummer vehicles to a house full of Prius enthusiasts.
Addressable TV ads -- which many believe are the simplest solution for advertisers wringing their hands over ad skipping and DVR viewing -- are currently being buoyed by developments on several fronts. Canoe Ventures, a consortium of the nation's biggest cable providers, will soon be able to offer advertisers the ability to digitally tweak their commercials so they can send one version to one audience and a different execution to another. The group expects the technology, known as "creative versioning," to be available to advertisers in 60 million homes in the first quarter of 2009. Earlier this year, Microsoft acquired Navic, a technology firm that helps media buyers buy local cable ad time based on the behavioral characteristics of audiences.
The progress is encouraging to those trying to figure out what can replace the beleaguered 30-second TV ad. "We believe that if you increase the relevancy of the advertising, you can reduce the tendency to avoid the messages," said Mr. Scanzoni, chief investment officer for WPP Group's large Group M consortium of media-investment firms.
These are small steps, to be sure, and don't solve the one hurdle advertisers face when it comes to beaming an interactive ad to the TV screen: scale. Setting up an addressable ad that can be seen by a majority of U.S. TV viewers remains nearly impossible because of the various cable, satellite and other intermediaries that control the devices that make the commercials work.
Still, the audience is there. Interpublic's Magna forecasts that more than 17 million U.S. households -- at least 15% of the total -- will be able to receive addressable ads by the end of 2008. The worldwide market for addressable advertising will pass $680 million during 2011, according to In-Stat. But that's still a far cry from the more than $64 billion annually spent on TV overall.
With DVRs expected to be in more than 36% of TV households by 2012, according to Interpublic Group's Magna, marketers have to find a way to thwart the desire to avoid commercials. And while consumers still will be able to blast past ads, an emerging school of thought posits that consumers will want to watch ads for products and services they really need or in which they have a deep interest. "We believe it's the best hope for television to reinvent itself," said Tracey Scheppach, senior VP-video innovation director at Publicis Groupe's Starcom USA.
Here's the theory: On the computer, surfers are often enticed by ads that carry entreaties specific to their needs and likes, such as a Google search ad for fish food that pops up when someone seeks information on nutrition for fish, or a Facebook ad for a new CD from an up-and-coming band that sounds an awful lot like the musicians the user has listed in his or her profile. Those ads can sometimes make people stop and click, and advertisers take those responses as proof their commercials resonate with potential customers.
This line of thinking has its detractors, and with good reason. Results of earlier tests have not demonstrated overwhelmingly that a particularly relevant commercial will defeat the urge to channel surf for a majority of the audience. In a test started in December 2006 and conducted by Comcast and Starcom MediaVest Group in Huntsville, Ala., ads from marketers including General Motors, Discover Card, Hallmark, Kraft Foods, Mars, Miller Brewing Co. and Procter & Gamble were delivered across eight popular cable networks. The spots were addressed to different anonymous groups of households based on general characteristics selected by the advertisers. Comcast and SMG found that, overall, homes receiving addressable advertising tuned out 38% less of the time available than homes that received nonaddressable advertising. Ms. Scheppach noted that viewers did not have DVRs recorders available to them in the trial.
Technological limitations also will keep addressable ads from holding sway, at least in the short term. At present, much of the inventory available comes from the two minutes an hour cable- and satellite-TV providers have under their control. "If only a small percentage of inventory is enabled with addressable capabilities, then if you're a brand who can survive and thrive on reaching a small segment of the market, then this is a great thing," said Brian Wieser, senior VP-director of industry analysis at Magna. "If you need to use network TV and broadcast TV to accomplish the bulk of your objectives, this is nothing more than an experiment."
For now, of course. But the day when viewers watch the bulk of their TV during prime time has begun to wane. If marketers can use TV to mine demographic niches, there might even be room for a discussion about whether those ads should come at a higher cost, according to media buyers. This technology is in its embryonic stages but certainly opens the door to larger thoughts about how TV ads are bought, sold and deployed. "This is really, we believe, going to change the television landscape and, clearly, make ... television much more competitive with the digital platforms," Mr. Scanzoni said.
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Contributing: Andrew Hampp
TiVo, Domino's Team to Offer Pizza Ordering by DVRIt's one thing to use the TV to run, well, TV commercials. It's quite another to use the device as a way to goose transactions. Starting today, TiVo and Domino's Pizza will give certain TiVo subscribers the ability to use the DVR service to order pizza for delivery or pickup, and even track the timing of deliveries.
"Interactive TV, in general, is the future," said Rob Weisberg, VP-precision and print marketing at Domino's Pizza. In the past, he said, the pizza chain had to depend on a customer not only seeing a commercial, but then finding the number of a local Domino's outlet in order to facilitate delivery. That usually means a viewer has to move from the TV to finding a menu or even look up a number. Any one of those actions, he said, represents a "hindrance" to making a sale.
These days, Mr. Weisberg said, the company believes in the emergence of "couch commerce," thanks in part to technology that will lend more of a two-way sheen to the average TV screen. "To give the average consumer the opportunity to order pizza while never getting up from watching Sunday football ... is pretty amazing," he said.
More advertisers and media outlets are counting on consumers' increased ability to, in essence, respond to the content their TVs display -- much like they can with a computer. The web makes it easier for marketers to measure consumer response to a particular ad entreaty, and now TV is trying to follow suit. "There has been more pressure for more accountability and metrics," said Barry Frey, senior VP-advanced platforms at Cablevision, which has operated channels that allow viewers to request a call from a Disney representative to learn more about taking a vacation at one of the company's facilities.
For a pizza purveyor such as Domino's, generating more orders through digital means can help business, said Mr. Weisberg. Customers can be exposed to a fuller range of menu selections, while workers can spend more time making product. "Our expectation is that by the end of 2010, about 50% of our orders are going to be taken in some digital fashion," he said. Already, the company has worked with its agency, Crispin Porter & Bogusky, to create a website that lets users build and order their own pizzas. Yum Brands' Pizza Hut plans to launch a Facebook application that allows fans to place orders from their profiles.
TiVo's Domino's service is free to use and is available to subscribers with broadband connections. Subscribers can order Domino's Pizza from various entry points on the TiVo user interface, including via "tags" spotted during live ads. In the recent past, TiVo has made it possible for users to find and purchase products on Amazon related to their favorite TV show and search for movies that are playing nearby and purchase tickets through Fandango.