For more than 100 years, brand marketers have largely focused on push marketing -- a mix of tried-and-true tactics that includes paid and earned media. However, that was before the Attention Crash, an event that is changing the economics of digital marketing.
The endless supply of content is taking a toll. It has forced consumers to make hard choices about where and how they spend time. Today people are browsing less and going deeper into a small number of sites. The mix of destinations they're visiting changes. What all these new destinations have in common, however, is that they are all useful.
|Photo: JC Bourcart|
|Steve Rubel is a marketing strategist and blogger. He is senior VP-director of insights at Edelman Digital.|
Kraft, for example, circumvented the Attention Crash with the iFood Assistant, a database of 7,000 recipes that can be accessed from the iPhone. Even though it is clearly Kraft-branded and costs 99 cents, the app has remained one of the top paid lifestyle programs on the iTunes store for nearly six months.
Utility, however, isn't just about the iPhone or mobile applications. Others are successfully building relationships via rich iGoogle widgets and/or games that consumers find downright irresistible. So, the business case is simple enough. It's the economics that are disruptive.
As marketing becomes utilitarian in nature, marketers will need to invest in not only in developing "high-concept" applications but also marketing them. It's very similar to Hollywood where studios spend millions on big-budget blockbusters that have no guarantee for success.
Consider, for example, the typical iPhone application. Development costs range from $20,000 for the basics, up to $150,000 or more, according to Forrester Research. That doesn't even include the budget to promote the application. And according to Pinch Media, which has studied iPhone-app usage based on 30 million downloads, only about 1% of downloads translate to long-term use.
Unfortunately, this is the new reality of the digital age. Still, the economics and benefits of utility marketing are very favorable when compared to TV advertising -- and more marketers will therefore shift their dollars. Success, however, is far from guaranteed.